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Complement

Complement (pelengkap) adalah kata yang melengkapi maksud dari kata kerja (predikat) dalam suatu kalimat.

Dalam Bahasa Inggris, complement dibagi menjadi 2 bagian, yaitu:

  • Subjective Complement, yaitu kata yang melengkapi subjek dari sebuah kalimat.
  • Objective Complement, yaitu kata yang melengkapi objek dari sebuah kalimat.

Kata-kata umum yang dapat dinyatakan sebagai Complement adalah:

  • Adjectives
  • Nouns
  • Prepositions with Object
  • Adverbs

Complement sangat diperlukan oleh:

a. Transitive Verbs (Kata Kerja yang membutuhkan objek) read, write, make, invite, dll.

  • The news makes me upset. (upset = Objective Complement)
  • The King appointed Pak Belalang his Royal Astrologer. (his Royal Astrologer = Objective Complement)
  • They voted me chairman. (chairman = Objective Complement)

b. Intransitive Verbs (Kata Kerja yang tidak membutuhkan objek) seperti boil, walk, sleep, dll.

  • He grew happier gradually (happier = Subjective Complement)
  • They came here yesterday. (here = Subjective Complement)
  • You look beautiful. (beautiful = Subjective Complement)

c.Linking Verbs

  • She is a nurse (a nurse = Subjective Complement)
  • The game is now over (now = Subjective Complement)
  • The coffee is too hot to drink. (too = Subjective Complement)

Source : http://ismailmidi.com/berita-88-sentences.html

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